In order to be trusted, every SSL certificate must chain back to a trusted root. A trusted root is an extremely valuable entity, so valuable that most CAs refuse to issue directly from one. Rather, the CAs create intermediate roots for their own use, or to be leased out to other CAs. Installing an intermediate certificate is simple and is typically accomplished in the same way you would install in any other SSL certificate.

For instructions on how to download and install a Comodo Intermediate, follow the link below. Download the Comodo Intermediate Certificate. Comodo is a universally trusted Certificate Authority whose roots are included in all major trust stores.

how to create certificate chain using keytool,ssl tutorial

We have instructions on this if needed. This is not a problem, nor will it result in an vulnerability for you or your site. Tip: You can typically save a significant amount by buying your SSL certificate direct instead of through your web hosting company. Compare SSL Certificates. What are Comodo Root and Intermediate Certificates? Rate this article: 5 votes, average: 3. Understanding the parts of the Comodo Certificate Chain In order to be trusted, every SSL certificate must chain back to a trusted root.

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I have own CSR and private key. I would like to to combine it into one pfx formate in order to import it in iis. I used to work with Start SSL certificate - I always worked with 3 - files - my ssl crt, private key and intermediate crt. With cloudflare, there is intermediate missing.

There was no such a message with Start SSL pfx. Can I ignore it? What intermediate should I use? Or how can make sure that connection is properly encrypted? I was provided a certificate in PEM format and a private key. I imported the. I did get the message "One or more certificates in the intermediate chain are missing". I ignored the message. Sign up to join this community.

The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Ask Question. Asked 4 years, 2 months ago. Active 4 months ago. Viewed 3k times. Certificate status: The issuer of this certificate could not be found. Can you show the issuer and subject of the certificates that you obtained from CloudFlare? From that information, we might be able to help find the "missing" certificates. Great, thanks! Thanks for the link!

Fix for an Expired Intermediate SSL Certificate Chain

I have tried to embed it into pfx file, but the same error occured. When imported CloudFlare Origin into system separately - yes, that was the point. I'm not sure how you tell IIS to trust such root certs, though.

Active Oldest Votes.It may seem like a lot at first, but hopefully by the end of this article it will seem pretty straightforward.

Every device includes something called a root store. A root store is a collection of pre-downloaded root certificates and their public keys that live on the device itself.

Generally, the device will use whatever root store is native to its OS, otherwise it might use a third-party root store via an app like a web browser. There are several major root programs of note:.

And the Mozilla suite of products uses its own proprietary root store. The root programs run under extremely strict guidelines. A root certificate is invaluable, because any certificate signed with its private key will be automatically trusted by the browsers. Ergo, you really need to make sure you can trust the Certificate Authority issuing from it.

The latter is entirely contingent upon the former. And the deliberations can at times skew political, as we saw with the debate of the DarkMatter CA a few months ago. Regardless, once a CA has had its application accepted and proved itself trustworthy, it gets its roots added to the root store. As we just covered, a root certificate is a special kind of X. For starters, whereas end user or leaf SSL certificates and generally any kind of publicly trusted PKI certificate have a lifespan of two years — tops — root certificates live much, much longer.

In fact, most CAs have several. Generally different roots will have different attributes. Any certificate that is issued off any of these roots will automatically be trusted by my computer system. Instead the spin up and issue off of intermediates, but before first…. But how does that work on a technical level? What your browser is doing to authenticate the certificate is following the certificate chain.

In its simplest iteration, you send the CSR to the certificate authority, it then signs your SSL certificate with the private key from its root and sends it back. Since it trusts the root, it trusts any certificate the root signs. Again, this is oversimplified to make it easier to understand. In this example, the server certificate chains directly to the root.

So, to insulate themselves, CAs generally issue what is called an intermediate root. The CA signs the intermediate root with its private key, which makes it trusted. This process can play out several times, where an intermediate root signs another intermediate and then a CA uses that to sign certificate. These links, from root to intermediate to leaf — are the certificate chain. Real-world certificate chains are often far more complicated. Browsers and operating systems vary on how they treat an incomplete chain.

Some will just issue and error when an intermediate is missing, others will save and cache intermediates in case they may come in handy later. A digital signature is kind of like a digital form of notarization in this context.

When a root certificate digitally signs an intermediate certificate it is essentially transferring some of its trust to the intermediate. This paragraph will get a little technical, so feel free to skip ahead. Anytime a browser or device is presented with an SSL certificate it receives the certificate itself as well as the public key associated with the certificate.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Server Fault is a question and answer site for system and network administrators. It only takes a minute to sign up. One or more intermediate certificates in the certificate chain are missing. To resolve this issue, make sure that all of intermediate certificates are installed. You did the IIS7 part correctly. The issue sounds like the free cert doesn't have the full cert chain installed on your machine.

SSL Installing Intermediate Certificates

Check with the provider of the cert. They should have a walkthrough on how to add their intermediate certificate. Basically it's another certificate that your free one depends on. Then add the Certificates snap-in for your local machine. That gives you more visibility into the certificates.

Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Asked 10 years, 4 months ago. Active 9 years, 4 months ago.

Viewed 5k times. I have download a free trial certificate. In the center section, double click on the Server Certificates button in the Security section. From the Actions menu click Complete Certificate Request. Enter the location for the certificate file.

Enter a Friendly name. Click OK. Under Sites select the site to be secured with the SSL certificate. From the Actions menu, click Bindings. This will open the Site Bindings window. In the Site Bindings window, click Add. This opens the Add Site Binding window. Select https from the Type menu. Set the port to This is the step where I get the message: One or more intermediate certificates in the certificate chain are missing.

What am I doing wrong? Active Oldest Votes. The free trial certificates typically have their own "free trial" root certificate that is not trusted by any web server or browser. Check out the following URL for Verisign's: verisign. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password.

one or more intermediate certificates in the certificate chain are

Post as a guest Name.In order for an SSL certificate to be trusted, that certificate must have been issued by a CA that is included in the trusted store of the device that is connecting. If the certificate was not issued by a trusted CA, the connecting device eg.

What are Comodo Root and Intermediate Certificates?

The list of SSL certificates, from the root certificate to the end-user certificate, represents the SSL certificate chain. Awesome Authority is not a root certificate authority. Certificate 1 is your end-user certificatethe one you purchase from the CA. The certificates from 2 to 5 are called intermediate certificates.

Certificate 6, the one at the top of the chain or at the end, depending on how you read the chainis called root certificate. When you install your end-user certificate for example. If the SSL certificate chain is invalid or broken, your certificate will not be trusted by some devices. The root certificate is generally embedded in your connected device. In the case of web browsers, root certificates are packaged with the browser software. The procedure to install the Intermediate SSL certificates depends on the web server and the environment where you install the certificate.

We provide a certificate installation wizard which contains installation instructions for several servers and platforms. If you purchase a certificate with us you will be able to use this wizard to obtain and install the files you need for your server. If your server is not on the wizard, you can still obtain the proper files through it and then follow the documentation of your web server to determine how to properly install your domain certificate and intermediate certificates.

That means you create a gap between a specific end-user or intermediate certificate and its issuer. As a result, your final certificate will not be trusted. This is not possible. The only way to shorten a chain is to promote an intermediate certificate to root. Ideally, you should promote the certificate that represents your Certificate Authority, in this way the chain will consist in just two certificates.

However, root certificates are packaged with the browser software and the list cannot be altered if not from the browser maintainers. Its certificate is directly embedded in your web browser, therefore it can be explicitly trusted. In our example, the SSL certificate chain is represented by 6 certificates: End-user Certificate - Issued to: example. How can I shorten the SSL certificate chain in my browser?The certificate is not trusted in all web browsers.

Learn more about this error. The fastest way to fix this problem is to contact your SSL provider. Organization: Cloudflare, Inc. The link I gave you contain the chain certificate. This is driving me crazy ,i have tried all things but i still have insecure https prompt. Below is test results from ssl test. These results were cached from August 17,am PST to conserve server resources. If you are diagnosing a certificate installation problem, you can get uncached results by clicking here.

The certificate should be trusted by all major web browsers all the correct intermediate certificates are installed. The hostname pt. Common name: sni I am able to load your site correctly without any warning. The test results you posted shows no problem and SSLLabs. Thank you very much. I can now confirm that the SSL has a green lock and no security prompts. Link that you share with us provide to the website with only cert code with out private key to put.

Your website should now be going through Cloudflare and Cloudflare should be presenting a valid SSL certificate. I have the problem as below when i try to use pt. Remind me The hostname is correctly listed in the certificate. Does this mean that i need 2 certificates or i just need what you have posted only? The certificate was issued by Comodo.

Importing certificate chains and intermediate certificates

Write review of Comodo The certificate will expire in days. Remind me The hostname pt. Troubles with the TLS configuration.

one or more intermediate certificates in the certificate chain are

If you receive this error, it means you are not being protected by Cloudflare. If the cloud icon is grey, click it to turn it orange.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. One or more intermediate certificates in the certificate chain are missing. To resolve this issue, make sure that all of the intermediate certificates are installed.

I've added this wildcard cert to other site binding and this is the first time I've seen this message. Learn more. Asked 3 months ago. Active 3 months ago. Viewed 95 times. Does the certificate need to authenticate to the internet? How do I resolve this message? Active Oldest Votes. Thanks for your sharing, You could mark your reply as an answerwhich will also helps others in the community. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google.

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one or more intermediate certificates in the certificate chain are

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